Ghost in the Shell
Ghost in the Shell is both an anime and manga that was created by Masamune Shirow that has expanded across the globe in frenzie. Ghost in the Shell first came out as a movie in 1995 and it was labelled as 'cyper-punk' anime and has been taken on as one of the top ten best anime.
Ghost in the Shell is a futuristic police thriller dealing with the exploits of Motoko Kusanagi, a member of the covert operations section of the Japanese National Public Safety Commission, Section 9, which specializes in fighting technology-related crime.
Although in the first Ghost In The Shell movie the main character Major Motoko Kusanagi was destroyed. She returns in all the other Ghost in the Shell movies and tv series. It is set in 2029, the movie begins with the main character, Major Motoko Kusanagi (a police officer with Public Security Section 9) spying on a building in fictional New Port City. A foreign power is conspiring to recruit a domestic engineer to fix the Project 2501 "bug". Her Section 9 team moves in while she activates her therm-optic camouflage. The foreign official refuses to return the engineer so Kusanagi moves in and kills him, and slips away without her identity being revealed.
In 2005 Ghost in The Shell 2: Innocence was released, although it was set only after the events from the first Ghost in the Shell movie, it was mostly focused on the other main character of Ghost In The Shell batou The story of Innocence begins in 2032, when cities are inhabited by the dwindling races of humans, purely mechanical androids, and cyborgs like Batou who still have a ghost (the in-universe term for the human spirit), but are vulnerable to ghost hacking.
The movie features several characters from the preceding movie, like Togusa, the most organic member of the team, Chief Aramaki and Batou, as the protagonists. Batou was usually partnered with Major Kusanagi, who disappeared at the end of the first film. He's now teamed with a reluctant Togusa, who says he never asked for the assignment and that he knows he could never compare to the Major.
In 2006 another movie entitled Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. Solid State Society was released. The story takes place two years after the events in Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. 2nd GIG. It was announced at Anime Expo 2006 that Solid State Society is not scheduled to be the final iteration of the Stand Alone Complex series.
The story takes place two years after the events in Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. 2nd GIG. By this point, Motoko Kusanagi has left Section 9. Section 9 has expanded to a team of 20 field operatives with Togusa acting as the field lead. They are confronted by a number of mysterious cases that lead them to the main culprit, a super wizard class hacker codenamed Kugutsu Mawashi (Kugutsu - Puppet, Mawashi - circulate, recycle, to move around. "Puppeteer" is a temporary translation and is not meant to be an official English adaptation.)
Ghost In The Shell: Stand Alone Complex was a television series, broadcasted in 2002 and finished in 2003.
The series receives its subtitle from a theoretical mental complex attributed to the adaptation of cybernetics into the mass public. In the story, 'stand alone complex' is said to describe copies with no original and is portrayed by copycat crimes with no original criminal or, in other words, an imaginary criminal.
In 2004 another was produced called Ghost in the Shell: S.A.C. 2nd GIG and was set after the events that happened in of Ghost In The Shell: Stand Alone Complex. Stand Alone Complex 2nd GIG uncovers a significant amount of back-story that was only vaguely talked about during the first season, including information about the last world wars. Between the turn of the century and 2032, there were two major conflicts that changed world politics. The first being nuclear World War III, and the other being non-nuclear World War IV, also known as the Second Vietnam War. The increase in independent states and sovereign regions grew from the chaos of the last 30 years. The planet remains more divided than ever, and several locations exist on the planet where sovereignty falls into question; where no one is really sure who owns or governs what.