JASRAC is the Japanese Society for Rights of Authors, Composers and Publishers.
JASRAC is the primary organisation for the administration of musical copyrights in Japan. Prior to the year 2001, JASRAC was Japan's sole administrator of musical copyrights. However in October 2001 the law was changed. Rights holders are now free to choose an administrator, including the option of self-administration.
This change notwithstanding, JASRAC continues to dominate the Japanese market for administration of musical copyrights and currently collects fees in excess of 100 billion Yen per annum on behalf of lyricists, composers, music publishers and other trustors. This figure includes fees collected in Japan on behalf of other musical copyright administrators located in some 90 other countries.
JASRAC was established in 1939 as a domestic operation. From 1951 onwards, JASRAC also began acting on behalf of overseas administrators. JASRAC's management system was computerised in 1977. The organisation currently employes about 470 staff at it's headquarters in Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, and in 16 other branch offices in cities throughout Japan.
Basic details for over 3 million musical works can be viewed via JASRAC's publicly accessable J-WID database.